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Back to Scientific Evidence

Lactose Intolerance and Milk Allergy

A better understanding of the difference between lactose intolerance and milk allergies leads to a better understanding of how to manage these two distinct conditions.

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  • Lactose Intolerance: Definition and Diagnosis

    Lactose intolerance is a condition that can affect some individuals who have a deficiency in the enzyme lactase resulting in an inability to digest lactose properly. To diagnose lactose intolerance, an objective test such as the hydrogen breath test is needed.

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  • Prevalence of Lactose Intolerance

    The true prevalence of lactose intolerance is unknown. The symptoms of lactose intolerance are highly subjective and may or may not occur among individuals with lactose malabsorption.

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  • Gut Microbiota and Milk Products: Implications for Health

    Emerging scientific evidence has demonstrated a link between human gut microbiota (gut bacteria) and a number of health conditions including obesity, cardiovascular disease and others. Diet appears to play an important role.

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  • Milk Allergies

    Milk allergies are rare in adults and should not be confused with lactose intolerance. Milk allergies involve immunological reactions, while lactose intolerance involves digestive factors. Milk allergies and lactose intolerance are therefore not similar conditions and should be treated...

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What's New

The DASH Diet: What It Is and What the Research Says

Numerous studies have confirmed the beneficial role of the DASH dietary pattern on blood pressure, and various DASH-style diets have also been examined.

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Bone Health: Studies in Adults and the Elderly

A 2015 meta-analysis of 15 randomized controlled trials (n = 1,533) by Tai et al. examined whether increasing calcium from dietary sources affects bone mineral density. A 2013 meta-analysis of...

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Bone Health: Studies in Children and Adolescents

There is consistent evidence that milk and milk products play an important role in the development of strong and healthy bones in children and adolescents and in helping them achieve peak bone mass.

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Milk Products and Bone Health: Potential Mechanisms

Milk products contain many nutrients, such as calcium, vitamin D, protein and phosphorus, which play a key role in the formation and maintenance of optimal bone health.

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Milk Products and Breast Cancer

According to the 2010 report by the World Cancer Research Fund International, the authority on diet and cancer, no conclusions can be drawn between milk products and breast cancer due to limited...

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Milk Products and Bladder Cancer

Current evidence from the scientific literature, including meta-analyses and cohort studies, suggests that milk and milk products may reduce the risk of bladder cancer.

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