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Back to Scientific Evidence

Lactose Intolerance and Milk Allergy

A better understanding of the difference between lactose intolerance and milk allergies leads to a better understanding of how to manage these two distinct conditions.

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  • Lactose Intolerance: Definition and Diagnosis

    Lactose intolerance is a condition that can affect some individuals who have a deficiency in the enzyme lactase resulting in an inability to digest lactose properly. To diagnose lactose intolerance, an objective test such as the hydrogen breath test is needed.

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  • Prevalence of Lactose Intolerance

    The true prevalence of lactose intolerance is unknown. The symptoms of lactose intolerance are highly subjective and may or may not occur among individuals with lactose malabsorption.

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  • Gut Microbiota and Milk Products: Implications for Health

    Emerging scientific evidence has demonstrated a link between human gut microbiota (gut bacteria) and a number of health conditions including obesity, cardiovascular disease and others. Diet appears to play an important role.

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  • Milk Allergies

    Milk allergies are rare in adults and should not be confused with lactose intolerance. Milk allergies involve immunological reactions, while lactose intolerance involves digestive factors. Milk allergies and lactose intolerance are therefore not similar conditions and should be treated...

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What's New

Review of Canada's Food Guide - The Place of Milk Products

Explore the latest studies on dairy products and health in the context of future food policy consultations.

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Milk production: A life-cycle analysis

How are Canadian dairy farmers promoting sustainable practices? Explore the topic and get the stats at a glance.

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Bone Health: Dairy, Calcium and Beyond

Interested by the new scientific data on bone health? Watch our webinar!

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Chocolate and Other Flavoured Milk, Diet Quality and Health

Consistent evidence indicates that chocolate milk helps improve diet quality in children and adolescents without any increase in added sugars and caloric intakes, or any adverse effect on weight.

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Chocolate Milk Consumption in Canada

Of the total added sugar intake in a person’s diet, it is estimated that chocolate milk and other flavoured milks contribute less than 2%—or less than 1 g—of added sugar per person per day.

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Why Is Vitamin A Added to Milk?

Health Canada requires the mandatory fortification of skim and partially skimmed milk with vitamin A. The form added to milk is vitamin A palmitate, which is the most stable form and can be finely...

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Synopsis: Bone Health and Osteoporosis

Bone health is important for overall health and quality of life and is dependent on bone mass, bone architecture and body mechanics. Optimal bone health status is crucial to prevent osteoporosis,...

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The DASH Diet: What It Is and What the Research Says

Numerous studies have confirmed the beneficial role of the DASH dietary pattern on blood pressure, and various DASH-style diets have also been examined.

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Proposed Taxation on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

In February, a proposal to tax sugar-sweetened beverages was put forth by Dietitians of Canada. To find out if registered dietitians are in support of this proposal, we conducted a survey from March 31 to April 14, 2016, among 527 of them.

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