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Back to Scientific Evidence

Lactose Intolerance and Milk Allergy

A better understanding of the difference between lactose intolerance and milk allergies leads to a better understanding of how to manage these two distinct conditions.

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  • Lactose Intolerance: Definition and Diagnosis

    Lactose intolerance is a condition that can affect some individuals who have a deficiency in the enzyme lactase resulting in an inability to digest lactose properly. To diagnose lactose intolerance, an objective test such as the hydrogen breath test is needed.

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  • Prevalence of Lactose Intolerance

    The true prevalence of lactose intolerance is unknown. The symptoms of lactose intolerance are highly subjective and may or may not occur among individuals with lactose malabsorption.

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  • Gut Microbiota and Milk Products: Implications for Health

    Emerging scientific evidence has demonstrated a link between human gut microbiota (gut bacteria) and a number of health conditions including obesity, cardiovascular disease and others. Diet appears to play an important role.

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  • Milk Allergies

    Milk allergies are rare in adults and should not be confused with lactose intolerance. Milk allergies involve immunological reactions, while lactose intolerance involves digestive factors. Milk allergies and lactose intolerance are therefore not similar conditions and should be treated...

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What's New

Milk Products and Mucus Secretion

Is it okay to drink milk when suffering from a cold? Does milk increase mucus secretions in the respiratory tract? These are questions sometimes asked. The overall research does not support the...

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The Effect of Milk Products on Inflammation

Evidence from systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials suggests that milk product consumption does not have an adverse effect on inflammation. In fact, milk products may reduce systemic...

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Milk Products and Asthma

The overall scientific evidence suggests that milk products do not increase the risk of developing asthma or exacerbate asthma symptoms. In fact, emerging evidence suggests...

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Diet, CVD and mortality: State of the evidence

Wondering what is the latest scientific evidence on saturated fat and its association with CVD outcomes and mortality?

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Practice update: Bone health, calcium and milk products

What does research say about bone health, calcium, and the role of dairy products? View our latest factsheet on this topic.

The environment and milk: get the facts

Watch this webinar to gain a better understanding of the current environmental footprint of milk production in Canada and the ways farmers have proactively reduced it.

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The DASH diet: Current state of knowledge

Watch this webinar and explore scientific evidence on hypertension, the DASH diet and the role of dairy products in this dietary pattern.

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