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Back to Scientific Evidence

Experts' Summaries

Guest contributors to Dairy Nutrition share their professional expertise on a variety of topics related to milk products, nutrition and health.

  • Avoidance of Dairy Products: Implications for Nutrient Adequacy and Health

    With up to 16 essential nutrients, dairy products provide a nutritional package that is difficult to replicate. Moreover, a growing body of evidence demonstrates a link between dairy intake and a decreased risk of several conditions, including hypertension and type 2 diabetes ....

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  • Protein Requirements: Time to Re-evaluate Canadian Recommendations

    Current recommendations for protein are 0.8 g/kg/day for adults and 0.95 g/kg/day for children. However, recent studies using the Indicator Amino Acid Oxidation (IAAO) technique clearly indicate the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) should be substantially higher.

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  • Optimizing Body Composition During Weight Loss: The Role of Milk Products

    The role of milk products in weight loss has been controversial due to inconsistencies in study findings. However, results from recent studies, including a meta-analysis, suggest that including milk products as part of a weight-loss diet leads to greater reductions in weight and importantly greater reductions in fat mass, and preservation or gains in lean mass (skeletal muscle and bone).

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  • Dietary Sources of Saturated Fat May Influence Cardiovascular Disease Risk

    Current dietary recommendations focus on reducing saturated fat intake to lower cardiovascular disease risk. Yet, recent studies suggest that the link between saturated fat intake and cardiovascular disease risk may not be so straightforward. Data now indicate that the food source of...

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  • Gut Microbiota and Milk Products: Implications for Health

    Emerging scientific evidence has demonstrated a link between human gut microbiota (gut bacteria) and a number of health conditions including obesity, cardiovascular disease and others. Diet appears to play an important role.

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  • The Quality of Canadian Milk

    While “milk quality” implies good nutritional content and food safety, increasingly, animal welfare is part of the larger concept. Canadians are not only interested in the nutritional value of milk, they’re also concerned about how it is produced.

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  • Strategies to Increase Consumption of Milk Products

    A large proportion of North Americans don’t consume the minimum recommended daily servings of milk products. Milk, cheese and yogurt provide key nutrients and are associated with many benefits, including bone and cardiometabolic health outcomes. Strategies to increase milk product intake to optimal levels are urgently needed.

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  • Milk: An Ideal Sports Drink

    There is growing evidence of the potential of milk as an optimal exercise beverage, especially after resistance training and endurance sports. Loaded with nutrients, milk is readily available and a cost-effective alternative to traditional sports beverages.

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  • Prevalence of Lactose Intolerance Among Canadian Adults

    Dairy products have been associated with several health benefits including bone health and a reduced risk of hypertension, colon cancer and type 2 diabetes. Many individuals—believing they are lactose intolerant—limit or avoid milk products, potentially compromising not only their calcium and vitamin D intakes, but also their health.

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  • What is the Impact of Removing Chocolate Milk from Schools?

    Increasing childhood obesity rates have made food intake at school a focal point for policy makers, school administrators, parents, and the media. Flavoured milks are being limited or even eliminated from some schools in Canada and the U.S. … with unintended consequences that could critically hinder optimal nutrient intakes.

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What's New

The DASH Diet: What It Is and What the Research Says

Numerous studies have confirmed the beneficial role of the DASH dietary pattern on blood pressure, and various DASH-style diets have also been examined.

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Bone Health: Studies in Adults and the Elderly

A 2015 meta-analysis of 15 randomized controlled trials (n = 1,533) by Tai et al. examined whether increasing calcium from dietary sources affects bone mineral density. A 2013 meta-analysis of...

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Bone Health: Studies in Children and Adolescents

There is consistent evidence that milk and milk products play an important role in the development of strong and healthy bones in children and adolescents and in helping them achieve peak bone mass.

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Milk Products and Bone Health: Potential Mechanisms

Milk products contain many nutrients, such as calcium, vitamin D, protein and phosphorus, which play a key role in the formation and maintenance of optimal bone health.

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Milk Products and Breast Cancer

According to the 2010 report by the World Cancer Research Fund International, the authority on diet and cancer, no conclusions can be drawn between milk products and breast cancer due to limited...

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Milk Products and Bladder Cancer

Current evidence from the scientific literature, including meta-analyses and cohort studies, suggests that milk and milk products may reduce the risk of bladder cancer.

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