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Back to Scientific Evidence

Experts' Summaries

Guest contributors to Dairy Nutrition share their professional expertise on a variety of topics related to milk products, nutrition and health.

Featured Article

Protein and Healthy Aging: Optimal Muscle Mass for Life

Our muscles are constantly in balance between anabolism (growth) and catabolism (breakdown). For anabolism to take place, we need to fuel muscles with protein. Exercise also gives muscles a further push to grow. Optimal distribution of protein at each meal appears to be a key factor in building and maintaining muscle mass throughout life.

Keywords: protein

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Also in this topic

  • Protein and Bone Health

    While calcium and vitamin D are well recognized for their role in the prevention of osteoporosis, the impact of dietary protein on bone health is less well understood. A well-accepted hypothesis holds that high-protein diets are possibly/potentially detrimental to bone because they...

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  • Chocolate Milk and Post Exercise Recovery

    Although there is no scientific basis for the commonly held belief that adults require eight to 10 glasses of water daily, liquids do need to be consumed before, during and after physical activity to support adequate hydration and replace fluid and electrolytes lost through perspiration....

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  • Proteins and Body Weight

    The role of protein in the regulation of long-term energy balance and maintenance of healthy body weight remains unclear. Nonetheless, high-protein diets remain popular due to perceived benefits such as increased satiety. Evidence is mounting that the source of protein is very important...

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  • The DASH Diet: The Importance of Milk Products

    The DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet—rich in lower-fat milk products, fruits and vegetables—is widely acknowledged by the healthcare community as an important regulator of blood pressure. It has been shown to reduce blood pressure in hypertensive individuals by...

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  • Effects of Drinking Milk Following Exercise

    Skeletal muscle is important for regulation of blood glucose as well as blood lipids as it is the largest site for glucose disposal and lipid oxidation. Thus, resistance exercise (to gain, or prevent loss of even a small amount of muscle) may have important health benefits. In an acute...

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  • LDL Subclasses and CVD Risk

    The atherogenic dyslipidemia seen in patients with the metabolic syndrome includes elevated plasma triglyceride levels, reduced high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (C) and increased small, dense cholesterol depleted low-density lipoprotein (sdLDL) particles. Lowering sdLDL levels...

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  • Barriers to Milk Consumption

    Data from nutrition surveys confirm that, despite increased knowledge about nutrition and health, Canadians still aren't getting the number of servings of milk products recommended by the Food Guide.1 Fruit and vegetable consumption is poor, but that of milk and milk products is even...

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  • Milk Products and the Prevention of Colon Cancer

    Colon cancer is the third most common cancer in males and females and the second leading cause of mortality in the Western World. It has been estimated that in Canada in 2009, a total of 22,000 individuals will develop colon cancer (12,100 males/9,900 females). The incidence rate of this...

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  • Building Healthier Diets: The Nutrient-Rich Foods Index

    In the fight against obesity, we need to be counseling the public on the need to spend less time counting calories and more time making sure that every calorie counts. The goal of nutrient profiling is to provide “nutrition at a glance.” Not only are current nutrition facts panels...

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  • Adequate milk product consumption may help prevent type 2 Diabetes

    A healthy diet and lifestyle play an important role in the prevention of chronic diseases including type 2 diabetes. Emerging evidence suggests that ensuring adequate consumption of milk products may significantly reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. While the exact mechanisms...

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What's New

The DASH Diet: What It Is and What the Research Says

Numerous studies have confirmed the beneficial role of the DASH dietary pattern on blood pressure, and various DASH-style diets have also been examined.

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Bone Health: Studies in Adults and the Elderly

A 2015 meta-analysis of 15 randomized controlled trials (n = 1,533) by Tai et al. examined whether increasing calcium from dietary sources affects bone mineral density. A 2013 meta-analysis of...

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Bone Health: Studies in Children and Adolescents

There is consistent evidence that milk and milk products play an important role in the development of strong and healthy bones in children and adolescents and in helping them achieve peak bone mass.

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Milk Products and Bone Health: Potential Mechanisms

Milk products contain many nutrients, such as calcium, vitamin D, protein and phosphorus, which play a key role in the formation and maintenance of optimal bone health.

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Milk Products and Breast Cancer

According to the 2010 report by the World Cancer Research Fund International, the authority on diet and cancer, no conclusions can be drawn between milk products and breast cancer due to limited...

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Milk Products and Bladder Cancer

Current evidence from the scientific literature, including meta-analyses and cohort studies, suggests that milk and milk products may reduce the risk of bladder cancer.

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