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Back to Scientific Evidence

Cancer

According to the World Cancer Research Fund report, there is sufficient evidence to suggest that milk reduces the risk of colon and bladder cancers. Milk and milk products may also be associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer. There is no conclusive evidence that milk products increase the risk for prostate and ovarian cancers.

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  • Milk Products and Bladder Cancer

    According to the World Cancer Research Fund International, the authority on the role of diet and cancer, no conclusions can be drawn at this time regarding a possible association between milk products and bladder cancer due to limited evidence. However, studies have suggested that there is a reduced risk of bladder cancer associated with milk product intake.

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  • Milk Products and Ovarian Cancer

    According to the World Cancer Research Fund International, the authority on diet and cancer, the evidence on the relationship between milk products and ovarian cancer is limited and no conclusions can be drawn. 

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  • Milk Products and Prostate Cancer

    While some studies have linked the consumption of milk products and/or calcium to an increased risk of prostate cancer, a review of the scientific literature to date does not support a conclusive association.

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  • Milk Products and Breast Cancer

    According to the 2010 report by the World Cancer Research Fund International, the authority on diet and cancer, no conclusions can be drawn between milk products and breast cancer due to limited evidence. However, some newer evidence suggests an inverse association between dairy intake and breast cancer risk.

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  • Vitamin D and Cancer

    In 2009, a major systematic review of the evidence concluded the following regarding vitamin D and cancer:1 Cancer from all causes Two randomized controlled trials and one analysis of the NHANES database (two publications) evaluated this association; Both randomized controlled trials were...

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Chocolate and Other Flavoured Milk, Diet Quality and Health

Consistent evidence indicates that chocolate milk helps improve diet quality in children and adolescents without any increase in added sugars and caloric intakes, or any adverse effect on weight.

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Chocolate Milk Consumption in Canada

Of the total added sugar intake in a person’s diet, it is estimated that chocolate milk and other flavoured milks contribute less than 2%—or less than 1 g—of added sugar per person per day.

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Why Is Vitamin A Added to Milk?

Health Canada requires the mandatory fortification of skim and partially skimmed milk with vitamin A. The form added to milk is vitamin A palmitate, which is the most stable form and can be finely...

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Synopsis: Bone Health and Osteoporosis

Bone health is important for overall health and quality of life and is dependent on bone mass, bone architecture and body mechanics. Optimal bone health status is crucial to prevent osteoporosis,...

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The DASH Diet: What It Is and What the Research Says

Numerous studies have confirmed the beneficial role of the DASH dietary pattern on blood pressure, and various DASH-style diets have also been examined.

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Proposed Taxation on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

In February, a proposal to tax sugar-sweetened beverages was put forth by Dietitians of Canada. To find out if registered dietitians are in support of this proposal, we conducted a survey from March 31 to April 14, 2016, among 527 of them.

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