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Back to Scientific Evidence

Cancer

According to the World Cancer Research Fund report, there is sufficient evidence to suggest that milk reduces the risk of colon and bladder cancers. Milk and milk products may also be associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer. There is no conclusive evidence that milk products increase the risk for prostate and ovarian cancers.

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  • Milk Products and Bladder Cancer

    According to the World Cancer Research Fund International, the authority on the role of diet and cancer, no conclusions can be drawn at this time regarding a possible association between milk products and bladder cancer due to limited evidence. However, studies have suggested that there is a reduced risk of bladder cancer associated with milk product intake.

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  • Milk Products and Ovarian Cancer

    According to the World Cancer Research Fund International, the authority on diet and cancer, the evidence on the relationship between milk products and ovarian cancer is limited and no conclusions can be drawn. 

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  • Milk Products and Prostate Cancer

    While some studies have linked the consumption of milk products and/or calcium to an increased risk of prostate cancer, a review of the scientific literature to date does not support a conclusive association.

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  • Milk Products and Breast Cancer

    According to the 2010 report by the World Cancer Research Fund International, the authority on diet and cancer, no conclusions can be drawn between milk products and breast cancer due to limited evidence. However, some newer evidence suggests an inverse association between dairy intake and breast cancer risk.

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  • Vitamin D and Cancer

    In 2009, a major systematic review of the evidence concluded the following regarding vitamin D and cancer:1 Cancer from all causes Two randomized controlled trials and one analysis of the NHANES database (two publications) evaluated this association; Both randomized controlled trials were...

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What's New

The DASH Diet: What It Is and What the Research Says

Numerous studies have confirmed the beneficial role of the DASH dietary pattern on blood pressure, and various DASH-style diets have also been examined.

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Bone Health: Studies in Adults and the Elderly

A 2015 meta-analysis of 15 randomized controlled trials (n = 1,533) by Tai et al. examined whether increasing calcium from dietary sources affects bone mineral density. A 2013 meta-analysis of...

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Bone Health: Studies in Children and Adolescents

There is consistent evidence that milk and milk products play an important role in the development of strong and healthy bones in children and adolescents and in helping them achieve peak bone mass.

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Milk Products and Bone Health: Potential Mechanisms

Milk products contain many nutrients, such as calcium, vitamin D, protein and phosphorus, which play a key role in the formation and maintenance of optimal bone health.

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Milk Products and Breast Cancer

According to the 2010 report by the World Cancer Research Fund International, the authority on diet and cancer, no conclusions can be drawn between milk products and breast cancer due to limited...

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Milk Products and Bladder Cancer

Current evidence from the scientific literature, including meta-analyses and cohort studies, suggests that milk and milk products may reduce the risk of bladder cancer.

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