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Back to Nutrients in Milk Products

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is essential for overall health and may also play a key role in the prevention of certain types of cancer, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and type 1 diabetes.

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  • Vitamin D and Health

    The evidence to date, largely from systematic reviews, indicates that higher levels of serum 25(OH)D may significantly reduce the risk of several chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, and some cancers, such as breast and colon cancer. Research also indicates that increased...

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  • Functions of Vitamin D

    The function of vitamin D that is most clearly understood is its role in calcium metabolism.1 However, there is evidence for emerging roles that have implications for health and prevention of various diseases. When blood levels of calcium fall, parathyroid hormone (PTH) is released to...

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  • Vitamin D Status

    Vitamin D status is measured using serum 25(OH)D levels. This reflects vitamin D derived from food or endogenous synthesis.1 Vitamin D deficiency is defined as a serum 25(OH) level < 37.5 nmol/l in adults or < 27.5 nmol/l in infants and children.1 The suggested target for optimal level of...

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  • Advantages of Vitamin D3 over Vitamin D2

    Cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) is a form of vitamin D of animal origin that is created from exposure to the sun, whereas ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) is of plant origin.

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  • Vitamin D and Bone Health

    It is well known that vitamin D influences the development and maintenance of bone mass and reduces the risk of osteoporosis. Furthermore, it is also thought to improve lower limb neuromuscular function.

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  • Vitamin D and Cardiovascular Disease

    A systematic review of the evidence performed in 2009 for the Institute of Medicine by the Tufts Evidence-based Practice Center in preparation for revisions to the Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamin D and calcium concluded the following regarding vitamin D and cardiovascular disease:1...

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  • Vitamin D, Hypertension and Blood Pressure

    The Evidence A systematic review of the evidence conducted in 2009 for the Institute of Medicine by the Tufts Evidence-based Practice Center in preparation for revisions to the Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamin D and calcium concluded the following regarding vitamin D and...

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  • Vitamin D and Cancer

    In 2009, a major systematic review of the evidence concluded the following regarding vitamin D and cancer:1 Cancer from all causes Two randomized controlled trials and one analysis of the NHANES database (two publications) evaluated this association; Both randomized controlled trials were...

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  • Vitamin D and Body Weight

    A systematic review of the evidence performed in 2009 for the Institute of Medicine by the Tufts Evidence-based Practice Center in preparation for revisions to the Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamin D and calcium concluded the following regarding vitamin D and body weight:1 No studies...

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  • Vitamin D and Growth

    A systematic review of the evidence conducted in 2009 for the Institute of Medicine by the Tufts Evidence-based Practice Center in preparation for revisions to the Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamin D and calcium concluded the following regarding vitamin D and growth:1 Six randomized...

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What's New

Review of Canada's Food Guide - The Place of Milk Products

Explore the latest studies on dairy products and health in the context of future food policy consultations.

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Milk production: A life-cycle analysis

How are Canadian dairy farmers promoting sustainable practices? Explore the topic and get the stats at a glance.

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Bone Health: Dairy, Calcium and Beyond

Interested by the new scientific data on bone health? Watch our webinar!

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Chocolate and Other Flavoured Milk, Diet Quality and Health

Consistent evidence indicates that chocolate milk helps improve diet quality in children and adolescents without any increase in added sugars and caloric intakes, or any adverse effect on weight.

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Chocolate Milk Consumption in Canada

Of the total added sugar intake in a person’s diet, it is estimated that chocolate milk and other flavoured milks contribute less than 2%—or less than 1 g—of added sugar per person per day.

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Why Is Vitamin A Added to Milk?

Health Canada requires the mandatory fortification of skim and partially skimmed milk with vitamin A. The form added to milk is vitamin A palmitate, which is the most stable form and can be finely...

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Synopsis: Bone Health and Osteoporosis

Bone health is important for overall health and quality of life and is dependent on bone mass, bone architecture and body mechanics. Optimal bone health status is crucial to prevent osteoporosis,...

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The DASH Diet: What It Is and What the Research Says

Numerous studies have confirmed the beneficial role of the DASH dietary pattern on blood pressure, and various DASH-style diets have also been examined.

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Proposed Taxation on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

In February, a proposal to tax sugar-sweetened beverages was put forth by Dietitians of Canada. To find out if registered dietitians are in support of this proposal, we conducted a survey from March 31 to April 14, 2016, among 527 of them.

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