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Back to Nutrients in Milk Products

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is essential for overall health and may also play a key role in the prevention of certain types of cancer, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and type 1 diabetes.

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  • Vitamin D and Health

    The evidence to date, largely from systematic reviews, indicates that higher levels of serum 25(OH)D may significantly reduce the risk of several chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, and some cancers, such as breast and colon cancer. Research also indicates that increased...

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  • Functions of Vitamin D

    The function of vitamin D that is most clearly understood is its role in calcium metabolism.1 However, there is evidence for emerging roles that have implications for health and prevention of various diseases. When blood levels of calcium fall, parathyroid hormone (PTH) is released to...

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  • Vitamin D Status

    Vitamin D status is measured using serum 25(OH)D levels. This reflects vitamin D derived from food or endogenous synthesis.1 Vitamin D deficiency is defined as a serum 25(OH) level < 37.5 nmol/l in adults or < 27.5 nmol/l in infants and children.1 The suggested target for optimal level of...

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  • Advantages of Vitamin D3 over Vitamin D2

    Cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) is a form of vitamin D of animal origin that is created from exposure to the sun, whereas ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) is of plant origin.

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  • Vitamin D and Bone Health

    It is well known that vitamin D influences the development and maintenance of bone mass and reduces the risk of osteoporosis. Furthermore, it is also thought to improve lower limb neuromuscular function.

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  • Vitamin D and Cardiovascular Disease

    A systematic review of the evidence performed in 2009 for the Institute of Medicine by the Tufts Evidence-based Practice Center in preparation for revisions to the Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamin D and calcium concluded the following regarding vitamin D and cardiovascular disease:1...

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  • Vitamin D, Hypertension and Blood Pressure

    The Evidence A systematic review of the evidence conducted in 2009 for the Institute of Medicine by the Tufts Evidence-based Practice Center in preparation for revisions to the Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamin D and calcium concluded the following regarding vitamin D and...

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  • Vitamin D and Cancer

    In 2009, a major systematic review of the evidence concluded the following regarding vitamin D and cancer:1 Cancer from all causes Two randomized controlled trials and one analysis of the NHANES database (two publications) evaluated this association; Both randomized controlled trials were...

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  • Vitamin D and Body Weight

    A systematic review of the evidence performed in 2009 for the Institute of Medicine by the Tufts Evidence-based Practice Center in preparation for revisions to the Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamin D and calcium concluded the following regarding vitamin D and body weight:1 No studies...

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  • Vitamin D and Growth

    A systematic review of the evidence conducted in 2009 for the Institute of Medicine by the Tufts Evidence-based Practice Center in preparation for revisions to the Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamin D and calcium concluded the following regarding vitamin D and growth:1 Six randomized...

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What's New

Milk Products and Mucus Secretion

Is it okay to drink milk when suffering from a cold? Does milk increase mucus secretions in the respiratory tract? These are questions sometimes asked. The overall research does not support the...

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The Effect of Milk Products on Inflammation

Evidence from systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials suggests that milk product consumption does not have an adverse effect on inflammation. In fact, milk products may reduce systemic...

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Milk Products and Asthma

The overall scientific evidence suggests that milk products do not increase the risk of developing asthma or exacerbate asthma symptoms. In fact, emerging evidence suggests...

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Diet, CVD and mortality: State of the evidence

Wondering what is the latest scientific evidence on saturated fat and its association with CVD outcomes and mortality?

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Practice update: Bone health, calcium and milk products

What does research say about bone health, calcium, and the role of dairy products? View our latest factsheet on this topic.

The environment and milk: get the facts

Watch this webinar to gain a better understanding of the current environmental footprint of milk production in Canada and the ways farmers have proactively reduced it.

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The DASH diet: Current state of knowledge

Watch this webinar and explore scientific evidence on hypertension, the DASH diet and the role of dairy products in this dietary pattern.

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