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Back to Nutrients in Milk Products

Calcium

Dietary Reference Intakes for calcium, aimed at Canadians and Americans, were published in 2010 by the Institute of Medicine. Those recommendations were established to promote calcium balance and good bone health in the majority of the population.

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  • Calcium and Iron Absorption: Is There an Interaction?

    Evidence suggests that calcium does not have any significant long-term effect on iron absorption. In addition, milk and milk products have not been found to affect iron absorption.

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  • Calcium Supplements in Cardiovascular Health

    Several meta-analyses have investigated the effect of calcium supplements on the risk of cardiovascular disease, but the evidence is inconclusive. While some studies have found that calcium supplements may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, this has not been observed in several more recent studies.

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  • Calcium and Bioavailability

    Bioavailability is the degree to which a nutrient is absorbed and utilized by the body.

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  • Bioavailability of Calcium in Soy Beverages

    Health professionals are increasingly aware of the importance of mineral bioavailability in the foods we eat. Calcium is of particular importance, as it represents one of the most under-consumed nutrients in North America. Because of the current popularity of calcium, many...

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  • Calcium and Vitamin D: Improved Lipids

    A study performed on women-one group that received calcium and vitamin D supplements and one that did not - has provided new data on the correlations between calcium and weight loss. The study showed that calcium and vitamin D supplementation has a beneficial effect on blood lipids and lipoproteins in obese or overweight women.

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  • Institute of Medicine's DRIs for Calcium and Vitamin D

    Following a comprehensive review of the scientific literature, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) issued recommendations for intakes of calcium and vitamin D based on their key role in skeletal health, consistent with a cause-and-effect relationship. A review of nearly 1,000 published...

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  • Calcium Requirements

    In 2010, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) published new Dietary References Intakes for calcium. These recommendations are based on an analysis of more than 1000 studies and reports and were established to allow the majority of people to achieve and maintain good bone health.

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What's New

The DASH Diet: What It Is and What the Research Says

Numerous studies have confirmed the beneficial role of the DASH dietary pattern on blood pressure, and various DASH-style diets have also been examined.

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Bone Health: Studies in Adults and the Elderly

A 2015 meta-analysis of 15 randomized controlled trials (n = 1,533) by Tai et al. examined whether increasing calcium from dietary sources affects bone mineral density. A 2013 meta-analysis of...

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Bone Health: Studies in Children and Adolescents

There is consistent evidence that milk and milk products play an important role in the development of strong and healthy bones in children and adolescents and in helping them achieve peak bone mass.

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Milk Products and Bone Health: Potential Mechanisms

Milk products contain many nutrients, such as calcium, vitamin D, protein and phosphorus, which play a key role in the formation and maintenance of optimal bone health.

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Milk Products and Breast Cancer

According to the 2010 report by the World Cancer Research Fund International, the authority on diet and cancer, no conclusions can be drawn between milk products and breast cancer due to limited...

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Milk Products and Bladder Cancer

Current evidence from the scientific literature, including meta-analyses and cohort studies, suggests that milk and milk products may reduce the risk of bladder cancer.

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